#Bantu Stephen Biko #arfrica #human rights #black lives matter
Bantu Stephen Biko (18 December 1946 – 12 September 1977) was a South African anti-apartheid activist. Ideologically an African nationalist and African socialist, he was at the forefront of a grassroots anti-apartheid campaign known as the Black Consciousness Movement during the late 1960s and 1970s.
Biko rejected the apartheid government’s division of South Africa’s population into tribal and ethnic groups, instead dividing the population into two categories: the white and the black. He defined blackness as a “mental attitude” rather than a “matter of pigmentation”, referring to “blacks” as “those who are by law or tradition politically, economically and socially discriminated against as a group in the South African society” and who identify “themselves as a unit in the struggle towards the realization of their aspirations”